Die Große Liebe ? – Eva Braun and Hitler

Die Große Liebe ?
Eva Anna Paula Hitler (née Braun – 6 February 1912 – 30 April 1945) (see left) was the longtime companion of Adolf Hitler and, for less than 40 hours, his wife.


Eva Braun – Nackt Portät
(Eva Braun – Nude Study)

Eva met Hitler in Munich, when she was 17 years old, while working as an assistant and model for his personal photographer and began seeing him often about two years later.
She attempted suicide twice during their early relationship.
By 1936, she was a part of his household at the Berghof near Berchtesgaden and by all accounts lived a materially luxurious and sheltered life throughout World War II.
Eva kept up habits which met Hitler’s disapproval, such as smoking, wearing make-up and nude sunbathing.
Eva enjoyed photography and many of the surviving colour photographs and film of Hitler were taken by her.

She was a key figure within Hitler’s inner social circle, but did not attend public events with him until mid-1944, when her sister Gretl married Hermann Fegelein, the SS liaison officer on his staff.


As the Third Reich collapsed towards the end of the war, Eva swore her loyalty to Hitler and went to Berlin to be by his side in the heavily reinforced Führerbunker beneath the Reich Chancellery.
As Red Army troops fought their way into the neighbourhood on 29 April 1945, she married Hitler during a brief civil ceremony: she was 33 and he 56.
Less than 40 hours later, they committed suicide together in a sitting room of the bunker.
The German public was wholly unaware of Braun until after her death.

Evas’ Biography


Born in Munich (see left), Eva Braun was the second daughter of school teacher Friedrich “Fritz” Braun, a non-practicing Lutheran, and Franziska “Fanny” Kronberger, who came from a respectable Bavarian Catholic family.








Her elder sister, Ilse, was born in 1909 and her younger sister, Margarete “Gretl”, was born in 1915.
Eva was educated at a lyceum, then for one year at a business school in a convent where she had average grades and a talent for athletics.






She worked for several months as a receptionist at a medical office.
Then at age 17, took a job as an office and lab assistant and photographer’s model for Heinrich Hoffmann, the official photographer for the Nazi Party – and it was through Hoffman that Eva Braun met Adolf Hitler.

EVA BRAUN AND ADOLF HITLER

Eva Braun met Hitler, 23 years her senior, at Hoffmann’s studio (see right below) of Munich in October 1929.

Heinrich Hoffmann (see left) was born 12 – 9 – 1885 in Fürth, Germany, four years before Adolf Hitler (see Adolf Hitler).
After leaving school he worked in his father’s photography shop.
He joined the German Army where he worked as an official photographer during the First World War. His first book of photographs were published in 1919.
He joined the NSDAP in 1920 and was chosen by its new leader, Hitler,  as his official photographer. The two became close friends.
Hoffmann’s photographs were published as postage stamps, postcards, posters and picture books.        
Following Hoffmann’s suggestion, both he and Hitler received royalties from all uses of Hitler’s image, even on postage stamps, which made the photographer wealthy.
In 1933 he was elected to the Reichstag and in 1938 Hitler appointed him a ‘Professor’.
Eva was girlfriend with Hoffmann’s daughter Henriette (see Henriette Hoffmann), who married the Hitler Youth leader Baldur von Schirach (see Schirach).
Heinrich was arrested at the end of the World War II and was sentenced to ten years’ imprisonment as a Nazi profiteer.
Upon release from prison on 31-05-1950 he settled in the small village Epfach in the Munich area where he died 7 years later at age 72, on 11-12-1957.
Hoffmann is buried on the Westfriedhof of Munich, together with his daughter Henriette.
Only steps away is the grave of the secretary of Hitler Traudl Junge. 

Hitler (see left) had been introduced to Eva as “Herr Wolff” (a childhood nickname he used among his close friends).


She described him to friends as a “gentleman of a certain age with a moustache, a light-coloured English overcoat, and carrying a big felt hat.
He appreciated her limpid blue eye colour, which was said to be close to his mother’s (see right Klara Hitler).

click here for more information about Adolf Hitler

Her family was strongly against the relationship and little is known about it during the first two years.

Hitler saw more of Eva after the apparent 1931 suicide of his half sister (see right), Angela’s daughter Geli Raubal (see left), with whom he had an affair.


The circumstances of Geli’s death in Munich have never been confirmed.
Some historians suggest she killed herself because she was distraught over her relationship with Hitler or his relationship with Braun, while others have speculated Hitler played a more direct role in the death of his niece.


Eva was unaware that Raubal was a rival for Hitler’s affections until after Raubal’s death.
Meanwhile, Hitler was seeing other women, such as actress Renate Müller (see right), whose early death may also have been suicide.
Eva’s first attempted suicide on 1 November 1932 at the age of 20 by shooting herself in the chest with her father’s pistol.
She attempted suicide a second time on 28 May 1935 by taking an overdose of Phanodorm (sleeping pills).


After Eva’s recovery, Hitler became more committed to her and arranged for the substantial royalties from widely published and popular photographs of him taken by Hoffmann’s photo studio to pay for a villa in Munich (see left).


This income also provided her with a Mercedes, a chauffeur and a maid.
Eva’s sister Gretl moved in with her.
Hoffmann later asserted Frauline Braun  became a fixture in Hitler’s life by attempting suicide less than a year after Geli Raubal’s death, as Hitler wished to avoid any further scandal.


When Hitler became Chancellor of Germany, Eva sat on the stage in the area reserved for VIPs as a secretary, to which Hitler’s sister Angela strongly objected, along with the wives of other ministers.
She was banned from living anywhere near Eva as a result.





By 1936, Eva was at Hitler’s household at the Berghof near Berchtesgaden, whenever he was in residence there and her parents were also invited for dinner several times.





click here for more information about Berchtesgaden and the Berghof



In 1938, Hitler named Eva his primary heir, to receive about 600 pounds yearly after his death.
Nonetheless, Eva’s political influence on Hitler was apparently minimal.
She was never allowed to stay in the room when business or political conversations took place.
It is not certain whether Eva was a member of the Nazi party.
According to biographer Angela Lambert, Eva was neither a member nor ever pressured to join.
By all accounts, she led a sheltered and privileged existence and seemed uninterested in politics.
The only known instance in which she took any interest in policy and politics was in 1943, shortly after Germany had fully transitioned to a total war economy.
Among other things, the transition meant a potential ban on women’s cosmetics and luxuries (as was already the case in the Allied countries).


According to Albert Speer’s (see left) memoir, ‘Inside the Third Reich’, Eva immediately approached Hitler in “high indignation”, to which an “uncertain” Hitler instructed Speer to simply and quietly cease production of women’s cosmetics and luxuries rather than an outright ban.
Hitler and Eva never appeared as a couple in public and there is some indication that this, along with their not having married early in their relationship, was due to Hitler’s belief that he would lose popularity among female supporters.
The German people were wholly unaware of Eva Braun’s relationship with Hitler until after the war.
According to Speer’s memoirs, Eva never slept in the same room as Hitler and had her own rooms at the Berghof, in Hitler’s Berlin residence and in the Berlin bunker.

Speer also wrote:

Eva Braun was allowed to be present during visits from old party associates.

She was banished as soon as other dignitaries of the Reich, such as cabinet ministers, appeared at the table … Hitler obviously regarded her as socially acceptable only within strict limits.
Sometimes I kept her company in her exile, a room next to Hitler’s bedroom.
She was so intimidated that she did not dare leave the house for a walk.
Out of sympathy for her predicament I soon began to feel a liking for this unhappy woman, who was so deeply attached to Hitler.
Speer later said, “Eva Braun will prove a great disappointment to historians.”
Even during World War II, Eva apparently lived a life of leisure, spending her time exercising, reading romance novels, watching films and early German television (at least until around 1943), along with later helping to host gatherings of Hitler’s inner circle.
She reportedly accepted gifts which were stolen property belonging to deposed European royal families.

Traudl Junge (see right), Hitler’s youngest secretary, wrote in her memoirs ‘Until the Final Hour’ –

She was very well dressed and groomed, and I noticed her natural unaffected manner.
She wasn’t the kind of ideal German girl you saw on recruiting posters for the BDM (see left) or in woman’s magazines.
Her carefully done hair was bleached, and her pretty face was made up — quite heavily but in very good taste.
Eva Braun wasn’t tall but she had a very pretty figure and a distinguished appearance.

She knew just how to dress in a style that suited her and never looked as if she had overdone it — she always seemed appropriately and tastefully dressed, although she wore valuable jewellery. …Eva wasn’t allowed to change her hair style.

Once she appeared with her hair tinted slightly darker and on one occasion she piled it up on the top of her head.
Hitler was horrified: ‘you look totally strange, quite changed. You are an entirely different woman !’ …and Eva Braun made haste to revert to the way she looked before.’
Traudl Junge (born Gertraud Humps; 16 March 1920 – 10 February 2002) was Adolf Hitler’s youngest personal private secretary, from December 1942 to April 1945.
Gertraud “Traudl” Humps was born in Munich, the daughter of a master brewer and lieutenant in the Reserve Army, Max Humps and his wife Hildegard (née Zottmann).
She had a sister, Inge, born in 1923.
As a teenager she thought of becoming a ballerina.
Traudl Junge began working for Hitler in December 1942.
She was the youngest of his private secretaries.
“I was 22 and I didn’t know anything about politics, it didn’t interest me”,
Junge said decades later, also saying that she felt great guilt for “…liking the greatest criminal ever to have lived.”
She said, “I admit, I was fascinated by Adolf Hitler.
He was a pleasant boss and a fatherly friend.
I deliberately ignored all the warning voices inside me and enjoyed the time by his side almost until the bitter end. It wasn’t what he said, but the way he said things and how he did things.”
At Hitler’s encouragement, in June 1943 Junge married Waffen-SS officer Hans Hermann Junge (1914 – 1944), who died in combat in France in August 1944. 
She worked at Hitler’s side in Berlin, the Berghof in Berchtesgaden, at Wolfsschanze in East Prussia, and lastly back in Berlin in the Führerbunker.

Unlike most other Germans, Eva was reportedly free to read European and American magazines and watch foreign films.
Her affection for nude sunbathing (and being photographed at it) is known to have infuriated Hitler.


Braun had a lifelong interest in photography and their closest friends called her the Rolleiflex Girl (after the well-known camera model).

She did her own darkroom processing of silver (black and white) stills and most of the extant colour stills and movies of Hitler are her work.
Otto Günsche and Heinz Linge, during extensive debriefings by Soviet intelligence officials after the war, said Eva was at the centre of Hitler’s life for most of his 12 years in power.

It was said that in 1936, he was always accompanied by her.

As soon as he heard the voice of his lover he became jollier.
He would make jokes about her new hats.
He would take her for hours on end into his study where there would be champagne cooling in ice, chocolates, cognac, and fruit.
The interrogation report adds that when Hitler was too busy for her, “Eva would often be in tears.”


Speer remarked that she had told him, in the middle of 1943, that Hitler was often too busy, immersed, or tired to spend time with her.

Linge stated in his memoirs that Hitler and Eva had two bedrooms and two bathrooms with interconnecting doors at the Berghof and Hitler would end most evenings alone with her in his study before they retired to bed.
She would be wearing a “dressing gown or house-coat“, drinking wine while Hitler would have tea.





Eva was very fond of her two Scottish Terrier dogs named Negus and Stasi (see left)
(this dog is labelled “Katuschka” in Eva Braun’s photo albums)
and they feature in her home movies.










She usually kept them away from Hitler’s German Shepherd “Blondi” (see right).

In 1944, Eva invited her cousin Gertraud Weisker to visit her at the Berghof near Berchtesgaden.
Decades later, Weisker recalled that although women in the Third Reich were expected not to wear make-up, drink, or smoke, Eva did all of these things.
She was the unhappiest woman I have ever met,” said Weisker, who informed Eva about how poorly the war was going for Germany, having illegally listened to BBC news broadcasts in German.

On 3 June 1944, Eva Braun’s younger sister Gretl married SS-Gruppenführer Hermann Fegelein, who served as Reichsführer-SS Heinrich Himmler’s liaison officer on Hitler’s staff.
Hitler used the marriage as an excuse to allow Eva to appear at official functions.


When Fegelein (see right) was caught in the closing days of the war trying to escape to Sweden with another woman, Hitler ordered his execution.

Gretl was nine months pregnant with a daughter at this time and after the war named the child Eva Barbara Fegelein in remembrance of her sister (Eva Fegelein (see left) committed suicide 25 April 1975).
After learning about the failed 20 July plot to kill Hitler, Eva wrote to him, “From our first meeting I swore to follow you anywhere even unto death. I live only for your love.”

In early April 1945, Eva travelled by car from Munich to Berlin to be with Hitler at the Führerbunker (see left).

She refused to leave as the Red Army closed in, insisting she was one of the few people loyal to him left in the world.
After midnight on 29 April, Hitler and Braun were married in a small civil ceremony within the Führerbunker.
The event was witnessed by Joseph Goebbels and Martin Bormann.
The bride wore a dark blue silk dress.
Thereafter, Hitler hosted a modest wedding breakfast with his new wife.
With Eva’s marriage, her legal name changed to Eva Hitler. 
After 13:00 on the afternoon of 30 April 1945, Eva and Hitler said their farewells to staff, and members of the “inner circle”.
Later that afternoon at approximately 3:30 pm, several witnesses reported hearing a loud gunshot.
After waiting a few minutes, Hitler’s valet, Heinz Linge, and Hitler’s SS adjutant, Otto Günsche, entered the small study and found the lifeless bodies seated on a small sofa.
The two corpses were carried up the stairs and through the bunker’s emergency exit to the garden behind the Reich Chancellery where they were burned.
Eva was 33 years old when she died.


The rest of Eva’s family (see right) survived the war, including her father, who worked in a hospital and to whom Eva sent several trunks of her belongings in April 1945.







Her mother, Franziska, died at age 91 in January 1976, having lived out her days in an old farmhouse in Ruhpolding (see left), Bavaria –
and thereby hangs a tale –
in August 1959 the author of this blog met Eva’s uncle in Ruhpolding – but not Franziska, although at the time she was very old, but still living in Ruhpolding.


click here for more information and photos about Ruhpolding
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HITLER’S BERGHOF
Haus Wackenfeld
Obersalzburg
Berchtesgaden
Hitler at Haus Wackenfeld
Obersalzburg
Berchtesgaden
Haus Wackenfeld
Obersalzburg
Berchtesgaden
Haus Wackenfeld
Obersalzburg
Berchtesgaden
Haus Wackenfeld
Obersalzburg
Berchtesgaden

The Terrace
Haus Wackenfeld
Obersalzburg
Berchtesgaden
Haus Wackenfeld
Obersalzburg
Berchtesgaden
The Berghof
Obersalzburg
Berchtesgaden
The Berghof
Obersalzburg
Berchtesgaden
The Berghof
Obersalzburg
Berchtesgaden
The Main Salon – The Berghof
Obersalzburg
Berchtesgaden
The Main Salon – The Berghof
Obersalzburg
Berchtesgaden
The Main Salon – The Berghof
Obersalzburg
Berchtesgaden
The Main Salon – The Berghof
Obersalzburg
Berchtesgaden
The Large Dining Room – The Berghof
Obersalzburg
Berchtesgaden
The Main Salon – The Berghof
Obersalzburg
Berchtesgaden
The Main Salon – The Berghof
Obersalzburg
Berchtesgaden
The Main Salon – The Berghof
Obersalzburg
Berchtesgaden
The Berghof
Obersalzburg
Berchtesgaden
The Berghof
Obersalzburg
Berchtesgaden
The Berghof
Obersalzburg
Berchtesgaden
The Berghof
Obersalzburg
Berchtesgaden
The Berghof
Obersalzburg
Berchtesgaden
The Berghof
Obersalzburg
Berchtesgaden
Hitler on the Terrace with Telescope
Obersalzburg
Berchtesgaden
Hitler on the Terrace with Telescope
Obersalzburg
Berchtesgaden

Obersalzburg
Berchtesgaden
Obersalzburg
Berchtesgaden

‘DIE GROßE LIEBE’
     

‘Die große Liebe’ (The Great Love) is a German drama film of the National Socialist period, made by Rolf Hansen, starring Zarah Leander and Viktor Staal.
It premièred in Berlin in 1942 and went on to become the most commercially successful film in the history of the Third Reich.

The attractive Oberleutnant Paul Wendlandt is stationed in North Africa as a fighter pilot.
While in Berlin to deliver a report he is given a day’s leave, and on the stage of the cabaret theatre “Skala” sees the popular Danish singer Hanna Holberg.
For Paul it is love at first sight.
When Hanna visits friends after the end of the performance, he follows her, and speaks to her in the U-Bahn. After the party in her friends’ flat he accompanies her home, and chance throws them further together when an air raid warning forces them to take cover in the air raid shelter. Hanna reciprocates Paul’s feelings, but after a night spent together Paul has to return immediately to the front.
There now follows a whole series of misunderstandings, and one missed opportunity after another.
While Hanna waits in vain for some sign of life from Paul, he is flying on missions in North Africa.
When he tries to visit her in her Berlin flat, she is giving a Christmas concert in Paris. Nevertheless their bond grows in strength and arouses the jealousy of the composer Rudnitzky, who is also in love with the singer.
Paul asks Hanna in a letter to marry him, however, when he is finally able to visit her, he is called away again on the night before the wedding.
Hanna, disappointed, leaves for Rome, where she has to make a guest appearance.
Even when Paul manages to get three weeks’ leave and follows Hanna to Rome, the wedding has still to be postponed: Paul feels so strongly that he is needed at the front that he goes back even though he has not been ordered to do so.
Hanna does not understand this, and there is an argument, after which Paul thinks he has lost her for ever.
The war against the Soviet Union breaks out (1941) and Paul and his friend Etzdorf are sent to the Eastern Front. When Etzdorf is killed, Paul writes a farewell letter to Hanna, to make the dangers of his missions easier to bear.
Only when he himself has been shot down and wounded and is sent to a military hospital in the mountains does he see Hanna again, who is still prepared to marry him.
The last shots of the film show the happy couple, confident in the future, looking skywards where squadrons of German bombers fly past.

Musical Numbers


Davon geht die Welt nicht unter (“It’s Not the End of the World”)
Blaue Husaren (Heut’ kommen die blauen Husaren) (“Today the Blue Hussars Are Coming”)
Ich weiß, es wird einmal ein Wunder gescheh’n (“I Know a Miracle Will Happen”)
Mein Leben für die Liebe – Jawohl! (“My Life for Love – Jawohl!”)

All the songs were composed by Michael Jary, with lyrics by Bruno Balz and sung by Zarah Leander.
“Davon geht die Welt nicht unter” and “Ich weiß, es wird einmal ein Wunder gescheh’n” were two of the biggest hits of the National Socialist period, and because of their political subtexts were much approved of and promoted by the authorities.
After 1942, as the military situation became more and more unfavourable to Germany, they became a staple element of the prevalent informal propaganda geared to “seeing it through”. 

Cast


The starring roles were played by Zarah Leander as Hanna Holberg and Viktor Staal as Paul Wendlandt.


In its blend of entertainment and propaganda elements the film is paradigmatic for National Socialist cinema in much the same way as ‘Wunschkonzert’, after ‘Die große Liebe’ the next most popular film of the National Socialist period.
While on the one hand the suspense-fully presented love story, with its images of the North African desert, Paris and Rome, as well as the extravagant show numbers, constitutes an invitation to dream, yet on the other hand “Die große Liebe” urges adjustment to the realities of war at all levels.
The film does not just contain original material from the “Die Deutsche Wochenschau” with pictures of German attacks on the English channel coast: the war determines the whole action of the film.
The lesson that Hanna Holberg, and with her the entire public, has to absorb, is the insignificance of individual striving for happiness in times in which higher values – here, the military victory of Germany in World War II – come to the fore.
The film does not gain its political impact by simply urging renunciation or “going without” in difficult times, but by setting off individual happiness against duties which go far beyond the requirements of ordinary military duties.
Paul is not concerned about behaving with military correctness, but about his desire to make his contribution to Germany’s military victory.
He renounces Hanna, not because of military orders recalling him to the front but in order to serve the national cause and if necessary to sacrifice his life for Germany. In the process Hanna learns that waiting and renunciation in war have not only to be accepted as fate, but constitute the really “great love“.
She learns to bravely send him back to his squadron, singing, “The World’s Not Going To End Because of This“.
The film owes by far the greatest part of its attractiveness to Zarah Leander’s performance. When she was selected for the role she had already established a strong profile as an expressive portrayer of self-aware, mature, emotionally stable women, whose plans and lives were thrown into disarray by unexpected blows of fate.
In order to impress also by its modernity, the film took the risk of making – for the time – an unprecedented, realistic representation of day-to-day wartime life, and shows rationing of food, air raid warnings and hours spent waiting in air raid shelters.
All levels of society are depicted as pitching in together, with the heroine coming to know those of much lower social level in the course of the film.
Hanna learns thereby to overcome her snobbishness, manifested in her singing for wounded soldiers.
The depiction of Zarah Leander was also unusual, in that in this film she wore ordinary day clothes, lived in a normal Berlin rented flat and even travelled on the U-Bahn.

Production and Reception


The interior scenes for “Die große Liebe” were filmed from 23 September 1941 to early October 1941 in the Tobis-Sascha-Studio in Vienna – better known as the Rosenhügel Film Studios – and in the Carl Froelich sound studio in Berlin-Tempelhof.

The exterior scenes had been filmed in Berlin and Rome by the middle of March 1942.
The film was submitted to the Film Censor’s Office on 10 June 1942 (Prüf-Nr. B. 57295) when it had a length of 2,738 metres or 100 minutes and was classified as suitable for minors and for public holiday viewing.

It was distributed by the UFA-owned Deutsche Filmvertriebs GmbH (DFV).

On 18 April 1944 it was re-submitted, now with a length of 2,732 metres (B. 60163), and was re-classified as before.
The premier took place on 12 June 1942 in Berlin, in the Germania-Palast cinema on the Frankfurter Allee and the UFA-Palast am Zoo cinema.
‘Die große Liebe’ became the greatest commercial film success of the Third Reich.
It was seen by 27 million spectators and took 8 million Reichsmarks, having cost 3 million to produce.
The Film Censor’s Office pronounced it “politically valuable”, ‘”artistically valuable” and “valuable for the people” – a combination of accolades also granted, for example, to Gerhard Lamprecht’s nationalist hero biography “Diesel” (also 1942).
The film was enormously popular with German audiences during the II World War.
After the end of World War II the Allied Control Commission forbade the film to be screened.

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Berchtesgaden

BERCHTESGADEN
STADTWAPPEN BERCHTESGADEN


Berchtesgaden is a municipality in the German Bavarian Alps



It is located in the south district ofBerchtesgadener Land in Bavaria, near the border with Austria, some 30 km south of Salzburg and 180 km southeast of Munich.

To the south of the city the Berchtesgaden National Park stretches along three parallel valleys.
Berchtesgaden is often associated with the Mount Watzmann, at 2713 m the third-highest mountain in Germany (after Zugspitze and Hochwanner), which is renowned in the rock climbing community for its Ostwand (East Face), and a deep glacial lake by the name ofKönigssee (5.2 km²).

Another notable peak is the Kehlstein mountain (1835 m) with its Kehlsteinhaus (Eagle’s Nest * see below), which offers spectacular views to its visitors.
Berchtesgaden’s neighbouring towns are Bischofswiesen, Marktschellenberg, Ramsau and Schönau am Königssee.
The first historical note dates back to 1102 and it mentions the area because of its rich salt deposits.
Much of Berchtesgaden’s wealth has been derived from its salt mines.
The town served as independent Fürstpropstei until the Reichsdeputationshauptschluss in 1803.
During the Napoleonic wars, Berchtesgaden changed hands a few times, such as in 1805 under the Treaty of Pressburg, when the area was ceded to Austria.

Berchtesgaden came under Bavarian rule in 1810 and became instantly popular with the Bavarian royal family, which often visited Königssee and maintained a royal hunting residence in the town itself.

Nascent tourism started to evolve and a number of artists came to the area, which reportedly gave rise to “Malereck” (literally painter’s corner) on the shore of Königssee.
The most famous author who lived in Berchtesgaden was Ludwig Ganghofer.

ECKART – HITLER – AND THE OBERSALZBURG


The area of Obersalzberg was purchased by the Nazis in the 1920s for their senior leaders to enjoy.
Hitler’s mountain residence, the Berghof, was located here.
Berchtesgaden and its environs (Stanggass) were fitted to serve as an outpost of the German Reichskanzlei office (Imperial Chancellery).
Some typical Third Reich buildings in Berchtesgaden include the railway station, that had a reception area for Hitler and his guests, and the post office next to the railway station.
The Berchtesgadener Hof Hotel was a hotel where famous visitors stayed, such as Eva Braun, Erwin Rommel, Joseph Goebbels, and Heinrich Himmler, as well as Neville Chamberlain and David Lloyd George.

Not long after Hitler siezed the leadership of the party and became it’s Fuhrer, his mentor, Eckart, introduced him to the lovely village of Berchtesgaden that was nestled in the Bavarian Alps.

Located near the Austrian border and only a two hour train ride south-east of Munich, Berchtesgaden was a small farming, mining and resort community.
Since about 1850 the area had been one of the summer stomping grounds for Germany’s royalty and high society.
Since the first world war it had fallen on leaner times.
Under the influence of Eckart, Hitler adapted the custom of spending weekends, holidays, and vacations at the mountain retreat.
Hitler stayed with Eckart in a house, called the Sonnenhauesl, or as Hitler called it, the “Sonnenkopfl,” at Lockstein.
About a year after his introduction to Berchtesgaden, Hitler and a friend made a two mile hike up to Obersalzberg.
Dotted with a few small farms and summer guest-houses, the area offered some of the most spectacular scenic views of the German and Austrian Alps.
Hitler described the region as “a countryside of indescribable
beauty.”

He soon began spending most of his free time there and normally took a room at the Pension Moritz (see right).
A short walk below the Moritz was the Gasthof zum Turken (see left) (named after an innkeeper who fought the Turks) where Hitler and his friends enjoyed the “genuine goulash” and often lingered in one of the small public rooms lost in conversation.
It no doubt impressed Hitler to learn that the Moritz and Turken had once been the meeting places of such dignitaries as Prince-Regent Luitpold of Bavaria, the composer Johannes Brahms and even Crown prince Wilhelm of Prussia.
Having taught Hitler the oratory skills to manipulate an audience through the techniques of hand gestures, voice control and timing, Eckhart now presented his prodigy with a place that would overwhelm him with majestic and inspiring grandeur.
Little wonder that Hitler later said that it was here that he had spent his most pleasant times, and conceived his greatest ideas.
And opposite the Eckart’s Sonnenhauesl (The Little House of the Sun) was the mighty Untersberg (see right) – the massive mountain that dominates the Obersalzburg.
Interetingly, the Untersburg is no ordinary mountain, and one reason Hitler became intrigued by the mountain is because of re-occuring events, legends and tales of people gone missing, people experiencing missing time, encounters with elves and extraterrestrials and passageways to what Hitler called “the inner earth”.
Often noted by occultists as an “energy spot” or “magnetic geo-node,” many seekers came to the Untersberg to be refreshed by the water and drawn to over 400 caves and tunnels by what is described as a “strong magnetic anomaly.”
The Untersberg has been characterized by the Dalai-Lama as the “sleeping dragon,” the “heart-chakra of the world.”
The legends of time portals, missing expeditions, tunnel systems leading to fountains, temples, forests and marble rooms go back hundreds of years.
One of the most persistent rumors involves the legend of Karl the Great (of the Holy Roman Empire of German Nation), known in the west as Charles the Great or Charlemagne.
Though physically buried in the German village of Aachen, it is believed that the “astral form” of this emperor sleeps in the mysterious depths of a subterranean throne room, surrounded by his strongest knights, gnomes, frost giants and fire giants, Valkyries and other “Volk,” awaiting the final liberation of his country and kinsmen; that he will rule over a thousand year kingdom of Aryan dominion.

Other accounts maintain this entity is the spirit of the emperor Frederich Barbarossa.
Within the ancient mythologies of the Nordic People are the prophecies that at a future point in time, though time itself is a variable, the “Watcher-god”, Heimdall, will sound his horn to summon the children of Loki (see right).
This semi-divine/human Sixth Race will break their bonds and unite with mystical forces to sail from the land of the Niflheim, located in an astral plane beyond the auroras, waging the final battle with the current “usurpers” of the planet to culminate in the enthronement of their vaticinated king.
It is this anticipated kingdom and its preparation that has been the goal of the ancient spirits. This is the heart of ‘The Awakening of the Black Sun’.
The Untersberg is known to be inhabited by certain kinds of elemental spirits of Nature, some of which are good and benevolent, others of a wicked and malicious nature, and inimical to mankind; and there are innumerable tales circulating among the people in the neighborhood, telling about the doings of the gnomes, fairies, and giants, dwelling within caves and in gorgeous marble halls and grottoes filled with gold and precious stones that will turn into dead leaves and stones when seen in the light of day.
“Some of the friendly tribes come out of the Untersberg on certain occasions, and they are said to have sometimes associated with the inhabitants of our plane of existence, partaking in the dances and amusements of the peasants, and even taking stray children with them into the Untersberg; and, incredible as it may appear, it is even asserted by, “those who know” that marriages have taken place between citizens of our world and the inhabitants of the kingdom of gnomes.
Of course it is well known that within the mysterious depths of the Untersberg there dwells the soul of a great emperor in his astral form.
There, together with his retinue, he sleeps an enchanted sleep, waiting for the liberation of his country.
Sometimes very suddenly, even on a clear summer day, clouds are seen to issue from the sides of the mountain; grotesquely-formed ghost-like mists arise from the caverns and precipices, crawling and gliding slowly upwards toward the top, and form on the neighboring peaks also, clouds of monstrous shapes and sometimes of gigantic proportions floating on, until the head of the Untersberg is surrounded by a surging sea of vapours growing dense and dark.
Seldom included in historical analysis of the Third Reich and Adolf Hitler, is the spiritually mesmerizing impact of Mount Untersberg.
Hitler’s first direct encounter took place in 1923, upon which date the future führer would describe his feelings, “It was so wonderful! A view of the Untersberg! Indescribable!”
While not specifically recorded, it is unlikely that the youthful Hitler would have been unaware of the writings of Franz Hartmann.
His obsession with occultism and theosophy, now well documented, would explain the peculiar fascination with the “sleeping dragon” as described by the Dalai Lama.
Having rented Haus Wachenfeld, a small vacation villa across the valley from Mount Untersberg, for four years, it was in 1932, with proceeds earned from royalties from Mein Kampf, that Adolf Hitler purchased what would become the Berghof.

A major renovation of the house soon followed, including a series of extensions, a bowling alley, a library and a basement.
(see Grundstein – Foundation Stone of 1936 – left – with Thule Swastikas)
Most importantly, however, was the construction of a huge picture window, providing a completely open view of the Untersberg.
Hitler was deeply affected by the legend and remarked to Albert Speer, his architect and armaments minister:
Look at the Untersberg over there.It is not just by chance that I have my seat across from it.
In February of 1942, the Fuhrer commented to Heinrich Himmler, “Charlemagne was the one of the greatest men to ever live.”
It may well have been that Adolf Hitler had hoped to see some type of manifestation: his telescopes were specifically designed for earth observation.
Those were the best times of my life,” he would later say. “My great plans were forged there.”
So magnetic was the mountain that the Führer later explained,
I basically built the house around the window,” and he even named the structure Berghof: “The Mountain Court.”
The Berghof has been described as a “Bavarian country house guarded by 2,000 SS troops,” with Adolf Hitler gazing from a “gigantic window… across a valley to the Untersberg massif, a sheer wall of mountain that looms large in Teutonic myths.”
For almost a decade Obersalzburg had become the Holy Mountain of the Third Reich, drawing thousands of pilgrims to pay homage to their Führer.
On February 2, 1942, Hitler said that his residence in Obersalzberg – Berghof, was “Gralsburg”. This indicates a certain connection to the Holy Grail and the Templars.
Just a few days before the end of war some local people reported seeing strange SS convoys that headed toward the Zillertal Alps (a mountain range on the Austrian-Italian border) where they, on their way to the Schleigeiss Glacier, allegedly buried some boxes deep in ice somewhere near a precipice.
Some esoteric authors write that the Holy Grail is here.

     

A recent expedition (August 2008) into the gigantic cave-system under the mountain revealed that it goes down so far, that its lowest point had not been reached yet.The cave explorers had to return from their expedition without knowing how far down it goes.According to a German newspaper report they had gone down 1056 meters before being forced to return at an abyss-like precipce.This had been accomplished by being able to pass an extremely narrow passageway that had been previously unpassable.They also discovered more than 800 new passageways and a lake in 930 meters depth.
Initially Hitler rented a chalet called Haus Wachenfeld – a holiday home built in 1916 by Otto Winter, a businessman from Buxtehude.

Winter’s widow rented the house to Hitler in 1928, and his half-sister Angela (see right) came to live there as housekeeper, although she left soon after her daughter Geli’s 1931 death in Hitler’s Munich apartment.
By 1933 Hitler had purchased Haus Wachenfeld with funds he received from the sale of his political manifesto Mein Kampf.
The small chalet-style building was refurbished and much expanded during 1935-36 when it was re-named The Berghof.
A large terrace was built, a dining room was panelled with very costly cembra pine.
Hitler’s large study had a telephone switchboard room.
The library contained books “on history, painting, architecture and music.”

A great hall was furnished with expensive ‘Nordic’ style furniture, a large globe and an expansive red marble fireplace mantel.
Behind one wall was a projection booth for evening screenings of films.
A sprawling picture window (see right) could be lowered into the wall to give a sweeping, open air view of -the Untersberg. – And on the terrace Hitler installed the finest, very large terrestial telescopes (see left) so that he could observe the mysterious Untersberg in detail.
In his own memoirs, Nazi Germany’s court architect and minister of armaments, Albert Speer, recalled his evening at Hitler’s retreat in the Alps above Berchtesgaden, right after the signing of the Nazi-Soviet non-aggression pact that — with its secret clause giving the Soviet Union part of Poland — opened the way to the Nazi invasion that triggered World War Two.
Speer wrote :

In the course of the night we stood on the terrace of the Berghof with Hitler and marveled at a rare natural spectacle. Northern lights of unusual intensity threw red light on the legend-haunted Untersberg across the valley, while the sky above shimmered in all the colours of the rainbow. The last act of the Götterdämmerung could not have been more effectively staged. The same red light bathed our faces and our hands. The display produced a curiously pensive mood among us. Abruptly turning to one of his military adjutants, Hitler said: ‘Looks like a great deal of blood. This time we won’t bring it off without violence.’” 



HITLER’S  BERGHOF





Haus Wachenfeld – Later known as the Berghof 





Haus Wachenfeld – Terrace






Haus Wachenfeld – Terrace 






Haus Wachenfeld 





Haus Wachenfeld and the Untersberg







Haus Wachenfeld – the Telescope






The Berghof – Final Form 









Berghof – Terrace




Berghof – Salon








Berghof – The Picture Window









Berghof – Sitting Area








Berghof – Living Room




Berghof – Study




Berghof – Salon




Berghof – Dining Room










Berghof – Dining Room








Berghof – Dining Room




Portrait of Adolf Hitler in Eva Braun’s Bedroom








 KEHLSTEINHAUS
 *(Adlerhorst – The Eagle’s Nest)

The Kehlsteinhaus – ‘Adlerhorst’ (the Eagle’s Nest) is a chalet-style structure erected on a subpeak of the Hoher Göll known as the Kehlstein.
It was built as an extension of the Obersalzberg complex erected in the mountains above Berchtesgaden.
The Kehlsteinhaus was intended as a 50th birthday present for Adolf Hitler to serve as a retreat for Hitler and place for him to entertain visiting dignitaries.
The Kehlsteinhaus was commissioned by Martin Bormann, with construction proceeding over a 13-month period.

It was completed in the summer of 1938, prior to its formal presentation to Hitler on his 50th birthday on April 20, 1939.
It is situated on a ridge at the top of the Kehlstein mountain 1,834 m (6,017 ft), reached by a 6.5 km (4.0 mi) long and 4 m (13 ft) wide road that cost 30 million RMs to build (about 150 million euros in 2007, adjusted in line with inflation).
It includes five tunnels but only one hairpin turn and climbs 800 m (2,600 ft).

The last 124 m (407 ft)[1] up to the Kehlsteinhaus are reached by an elevator bored straight down through the mountain and linked via a tunnel through the granite below that is 124 m (407 ft) long.

The inside of the large elevator car is surfaced with polished brass, Venetian mirrors and green leather.
The main reception room is dominated by a fireplace of red Italian marble, presented by Mussolini.
Much of the furniture was designed by Paul László.
A significant event held at the Kehlsteinhaus was the wedding reception that followed the marriage of Eva Braun’s sister Gretl to Hermann Fegelein on June 3, 1944.
The building is often mistakenly referred to as a “tea house”, a corruption of its abbreviated name, “D-Haus”, short for “Diplomatic Reception Haus”.
As a result it is frequently confused with the actual tea house at Hitler’s Berghof, the Mooslahnerkopf Teehaus he visited daily after lunch.
Although the site is on the same mountain as the Berghof, Hitler rarely visited the property.

It has been suggested he only visited the Kehlsteinhaus around 10 times, and most times for no more than 30 minutes, however he did receive André François-Poncet (the departing French ambassador to Germany) there on October 18, 1938.
As a result of the lack of close association with Hitler the property was saved from demolition at the end of the war.
A trail leads above the Kehlsteinhaus towards the Mannlgrat ridge reaching from the Kehlstein to the summit of the Hoher Goll.
The route, which is served by a Klettersteig, is regarded as the easiest to the top.


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